Mentally Practicing Best Responses To Emergency Scenarios Is Extremely Important... So That When a Disaster Is No Longer A Future Possibility, But is a Current Reality... You Will Do the Right Thing!


Effective Emergency Preparedness
Begins With Vizualizing and
Practicing Our Response
- To
Potential Emergencies

We learn, from the book The Unthinkable - Who Survives When Disaster Strikes and Why by Amanda Ripley, that “lives will be saved when people have thought out before hand what they will do (individually and together with their emergency response group) when a disaster situation occurs, and especially when they have prepared and practiced (at least mentally)”. So,

  • Study the information below and prepare for these emergency scenarios. The tabs are shown in order of probability for Utah Valley.
  • Practice and teach  the best responses to your family and others, because that is the best way for you to remember yourself.
  • Keep yourself close to the spirit daily so you can have its guidance in your choices.

Think Ahead of Time What You Should Do In Case Of:

  • Fire

    There is a Virtually 100% Lifetime  Chance That Your Household Will Face A Fire Emergency!


    • Each household will face fire emergencies five times during an average lifespan.
    • One in four households will have a reportable fire incident (one that involves the fire department).
    • One in 10 households will have a household member injured in a fire.
    • One in 89 households will have a household member injured in a “reported” fire.
    • One in 1,442 households will have ahousehold member die as a result of a fire.

    So, learn what to do from the experts (Here’s the basic three things on which to focus):

    1. Eliminate fire hazards.
    2. Have “working” smoke and fire alarms and fire extinguishers in each home or office place.
    3. Have a fire escape plan for each room.
      • Crawl when there is smoke.
      • Use window exits safely (have ladders available, for second story windows).
      • Plan on leaving empty handed (because stopping to gather things may kill you)

    Eliminate Fire Hazards





    Think about and reduce risks from most common sources of fire:
    1. Cooking in the kitchen is the most common cause of home fires.
      • Try not to leave the kitchen while something is on the stove and don’t leave anything flammable  (oven mitts, dish towels, paper towels) near heating elements.
      • Be very careful of cooking oils. They can catch fire easily, too.
    2. Heating Equipment is the second most common cause of home fires.
      • Have your furnace inspected at least annually
      • Keep portable heaters at least three feet away from anything flammable.
    3. Careless Smoking is the third most common cause of home fires.
      • Use large, deep ashtrays; never place an ashtray on or near anything that will burn.
      • heck furniture for fallen cigarettes/embers (a butt can smoulder for hours before causing furniture to burst into flames).
    4. Electrical Equipment and Wiring
      • Make sure of adequate wiring capacity - so that circuirts or wiring isn’t overloaded
      • Your electrical appliances don’t have loose or frayed cords/plugs
      • Your outlets aren’t overloaded with plugs
      • You’re not running electrical wires under rugs or heavy furniture
      • You’re not overusing an extension cord. Be careful about do-it-yourself electrical projects; many home fires are caused by improper installation, so use a licensed electrician
    5. Candles
      • Keep candles in a sturdy holder on a level surface
      • Away from combustible materials and out of the reach of children or pets.
      • Blow them out before leaving the room.
    6. Flammable Liquid
      • Fuels, solvents, cleaning agents, thinners, adhesives, paints, and other raw materials – can ignite or explode if stored improperly.
      • The vapours can easily ignite from even just high temperatures or weak ignition sources (one spark of static electricity).
      • Don’t store flammable liquids near a heating source but, ideally, outside the home in a cool ventilated area, in approved containers.
    7. If your residence is in an area where wildfires could occur, prevent the ability of a wildfire to damage your home by:
      • Creating a clear perimeter around your home that is free of brush, trees (at least, 30 feet, 100 feet is better)
      • Use fire-resistant roofing and door materials
      • Have roof sprinklers that can be turned on, without electricity

    Have “working” smoke and fire alarms and fire extinguishers in each home or office places

    Smoke alarms that are properly installed and maintained play a vital role in reducing fire deaths and injuries.


    Smoke alarms and fire extinguishers save lives.  Almost two-thirds of home fire deaths resulted from fires in homes with no smoke alarms or no working smoke alarms. Having a working smoke alarm cuts the chances of dying in a reported fire in half.

    If there is a fire in your home, smoke spreads fast and you need smoke alarms to give you time to get out. Here's what you need to know!

    1. Install smoke alarms in every bedroom, outside each sleeping area and on every level of your home.
    2. Test your smoke alarms every month.
    3. When a smoke alarm sounds, get outside and stay outside.
    4. Replace all smoke alarms in your home every 10 years.

    Fire extinguishes give you the chance to stop a small fire (that is one that is confined to a small area,  such as a wastebasket, stove or oven, and is not growing and the room is not filled with smoke. Here’s what to remember:

    • fire_extinguisher_use_largeTo operate a fire extinguisher, remember the word PASS
      • Pull the pin. Hold the extinguisher with the nozzle pointing away from you, and release the locking mechanism.
      • Aim low. Point the extinguisher at the base of the fire.
      • Squeeze the lever slowly and evenly.
      • Sweep the nozzle from side-to-side.
    • For the home, select a multi-purpose extinguisher (can be used on all types of home fires) that is large enough to put out a small fire, but not so heavy as to be difficult to handle.
    • Choose a fire extinguisher that carries the label of an independent testing laboratory.
    • Read the instructions that come with the fire extinguisher and become familiar with its parts and operation before a fire breaks out. Local fire departments or fire equipment distributors often offer hands-on fire extinguisher trainings.
    • Install fire extinguishers close to an exit and keep your back to a clear exit when you use the device so you can make an easy escape if the fire cannot be controlled. If the room fills with smoke, leave immediately.
    • The primary elements of fire safety are fire prevention, early warning and safe escape. Every household should have a home fire escape plan and working smoke alarms.

    Have a Fire Escape Plan for Each Room

    fire_evacuation_planThe most important part about staying safe in an emergency is to think about what could go wrong in advance as a household.

    1. Visualize what could go wrong. Think about the differences for a fire starting in a furnace room, garage or basement. Assume it may happen while you are asleep.
    2. Think of how to get the most warning time in each situation, i.e. what type of fire or smoke alarm will give you the most warning and where to position it.
    3. Think of the best way to respond to each scenario. Teach each household member to check for a a “hot door”, how to crawl, how to cover the mouth and nose with “dry” (not wet) cloth so that smoke is filtered before going into the lungs.
    4. What if those who are upstairs are cut off from escaping down the stairs and out the front door. Do household residents, especially children, know how to get out of an upper story window?




  • Flooding
  • Earthquake
  • Bioterrorism or Bio-Epidemic
  • Nuclear Holocaust
  • EMP Event